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Autore: Giangiuseppe Pili

Giangiuseppe Pili è Ph.D. in filosofia e scienze della mente (2017). E' attualmente assistant professor ed è il fondatore di Scuola Filosofica, coordinatore dell'associazione Azione Filosofica ed è il responsabile della collana dei libri di Scuola Filosofica. Egli è autore di numerosi saggi e di diversi articoli in riviste internazionali. In lingua italiana ha pubblicato numerosi lavori e libri. Scacchista per passione.

Toward a Philosophical Definition of Intelligence – International Journal of Intelligence, Security and Public Affairs

Giangiuseppe Pili, (2019), “Toward a Philosophical Definition of Intelligence“, The International Journal of Intelligence, Security, and Public Affairs, 21:2, 162-190, DOI: 10.1080/23800992.2019.1649113

It is with my great pleasure to announce my last issue in the International Journal of Intelligence, Security and Public Affairs!: Toward a philosophical definition of intelligence. This is my second paper in the journal and my third on the topic in a peer-reviewed journal (and a new one is coming, so keep in touch!). However, I am particularly proud of this scientific result, as far as the topic is one of the most relevant in the field, as it was defined by Mark Phythian and Peter Gill in one of their best papers. The two scholars stressed the importance of the definitional debate inside the intelligence studies literature. This paper tries to bring analytic philosophy to intelligence as state institution in order to give a new definition of intelligence. I want to thank two anonymous reviewers, who significantly helped me in improving the paper with their comments and suggestions.


What is intelligence? A short question, which is difficult to answer. In fact, there is no general agreement on the definition of intelligence. A good philosophical analysis starts with intuitions, which can be found in the literature. After the recollection of these intuitions and their discussion, it is necessary to add some rational justifications of them. I want to express a general definition of intelligence, whose formulation is indebted to a philosophical analytic approach that considers some different alternatives. Intelligence is a vague word and it has different meanings. In fact, the intelligence studies are so rich but they pose some particular philosophical problems. Philosophy defines complex and complicated words in a simple and coherent way. I want to defend a definition, which is philosophically consistent and meaningful for intelligence studies. Is this a good way to solve such a complex problem? As Ludwig Wittgenstein said: “The problems are solved, not by giving new information, but by arranging what we have always known. Philosophy is a battle against the bewitchment of our intelligence by means of language”.

Filosofia, letteratura e teatro – Studi in onore di Giovanni Feliciani

Carissimi lettori di SF. Come sapete, Scuola Filosofica ha spesso seguito con attenzione l’opera di Giovanni Feliciani, editore e filosofo italiano recentemente scomparso (2017). La sua casa editrice, Bibliosofica, è stata una delle prime a mandare dei lavori alla nostra redazione per conoscenza e recensioni. Vogliamo, dunque, ringraziare il dottor Fabio Nicolosi che mi ha personalmente invitato a ripubblicare l’intervista che io stesso concordai con Feliciani. Colgo l’occasione per segnalare l’uscita del volume Filosofia, letteratura e teatro e a far un ultimo saluto ad un uomo e pensatore che ha davvero creduto nella filosofia, come forma di sapere da diffondere a tutta l’umanità. Abbiamo bisogno di persone come Feliciani e il nostro Paese più che mai. Qui sotto trovate la quarta di copertina e auguro a tutti i lettori una buona lettura ancora in compagnia di Giovanni Feliciani.

Dr. Giangiuseppe Pili

La logica di Tommaso d’Acquino – Claudio Testi

Testi, Claudio; (2018), La logica di Tommaso d’Acquino – Dimostrazione, induzione e metafisica, ESD: Bologna.


Dato che da circa un anno, con l’eccezione di un lavoro su Kant, non ho più pubblicato nulla in lingua italiana neppure per Scuola Filosofica, dovrebbe significare almeno che questo lavoro del dottor Claudio Testi, già autore di diversi lavori eccellenti su Tolkien e san Tommaso, ha una sua importanza peculiare. Infatti, Testi è un autore che centellina le sue pubblicazioni con molta cautela e che mai dà alle stampe qualcosa che non sia profondamente ponderato nei minimi dettagli. Era questo il caso di Santi pagani nella Terra di Mezzo, in cui Testi approfondiva le sue ricerche tolkeniane di cui egli stesso è uno dei massimi studiosi, non solo italiani, e già recensito per SF ed è tanto più il caso di questo volume.

Why the absolute cyberwar is taking place – A philosophical analysis of the cyber domain to understand the current strategic competition in the cyberspace

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Would you like to help the scientific research in the field? Are you interested in cyberwar and cyber security? Please, write to the author (scuolafilosofica_at_gmail.com) and ask him for the first draft of the paper!


Abstract

The cyber domain is a set of rules implemented by an appropriate infrastructure. The cyber domain can be subjected to political influence and it can be exploited to reach political objectives quite far from its specific and limited nature. A completely different kind of war is happening inside the cyber domain. It is a war waged inside and outside the cyberspace in order to reach the strategic control of the rules, laws and principles of the domain itself. This means that the cyber domain is different from the other domains: it is the only one in which the human actors can change the laws of the domain itself. This is not a competition that could be conceived as the past wars. This war will not only affect all the citizens connected to the cyberspace, but it will result ultimately in the shape of the cyber domain itself. This is something deeper and much more radical of what we have seen before and this explains why the cyberwar will not take place: it is just happening. It is time to start thinking differently. A philosophical perspective is needed to improve our understanding of the very nature of the cyber domain.

5 Giudizi a priori, puri e a posteriori – una rassegna essenziale

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I predicati dei giudizi che abbiamo visto sono i due più fondamentali: giudizi analitici e giudizi sintetici. Queste due tipologie[1] di giudizio sono generali e riguardano la loro definizione puramente linguistica, cioè che non considera il ruolo dell’esperienza in essa. Tuttavia, Kant distingue altre tre categorie che si applicano propriamente ai giudizi: x a priori, x a posteriori e x puro. Da qui si hanno altre tipologie di giudizio ottenute per combinazione ma intanto cerchiamo di capire cosa significano queste parti.

The gambler’s revenge – AlphaZero, the brilliant universal chess champion

Pili, Giangiuseppe; Un mistero in bianco e nero – La filosofia degli scacchi, Bologna: Le Due Torri.

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Is Magnus Carlsen better than AlphaZero? We don’t know actually, but it would be difficult to be argued the opposite. Magnus, appropriately, seems to not taking too seriously this entity more able of him playing chess in the universe. After all, Magnus is too young to bother that a piece of technology could be able to perform a task better than humans. He did not grow up, as I did, in a place and time in which everything about technology and innovation is seen with great suspicious to say the least. Although Italy is still an extreme case, many people were worried when DeepBlue won the match with Garry Kasparov, as it was reported by Tim Van Geleder, in a philosophical analysis in which all the usual concerns were carefully considered.[1] 

Brexit and Terrorism: EU Law on Terrorism Facing the Threat of Brexit [Brexit Institute]

It is with my great pleasure to report the blog post for the Brexit Institute (Dublin City University): “Brexit and Terrorism: EU Law on Terrorism Facing the Threat of Brexit“. I want to thank Ph.D. Student and IASTE member, Ferdinando Angeletti, for his major contribution on writing this post. Here you can find the abstract!


Introduction

UK’s exit from the European Union is still not completed: according to the procedure defined by Article 50 of the European Union Treaty (so-called Brexit) the process is not finished yet. However, it is appropriate to evaluate the legal consequences that it may generate in the near future. The legislation of the EU covers several decades with a particularly thriving normative production in the twenty-five years following the Maastricht Treaty (1992). For the United Kingdom (UK), going back then will not be an easy task. Especially, it will be a delicate process to re-define matters such as criminal law and criminal procedure. In this post, we will analyze the consequences that the UK will face in the legislation on terrorism, focusing our analysis on the European criminal and procedural laws and on judicial cooperation relations in the field of terrorism. Indeed, unless the exit agreements do not provide otherwise, the current agreements will become inapplicable.

Intelligence and social knowledge – A philosophical inquiring on the social epistemological nature of intelligence as a state institution

It is with my great pleasure that I post the abstract of my second paper in an international journal of intelligence (RISW). I am particularly proud of this piece of research, which is the first attempt toward a social epistemological theory of intelligence as a state institution. In addition, this paper is based on my Ph.D. thesis (second Chapter – social epistemology of organization and institution). Did you always believe, as I believed that Ph.D. thesis are not always useful? You are not alone, but sometimes it turns to be useful! And, hopefully, this is just the beginning of a long series of works on intelligence and epistemology. Some of you still remember (dont’ you?) my recent paper “Epistemology and intelligence – Some philosophical problems to be solved“, proudly published in the International Journal of Security, Intelligence and Public Affairs. However, I am working on an ambitious set of papers on my topics in prominent journals! Then, stay in tuned with me and my research and don’t esitate to contact me if you would like to read my works!


Abstract

Intelligence is about speaking the truth to the policy-maker. However, this truth is not simply the result of an intellectual inquiring on something which is not in the eyes of the beholder. Intelligence is a social enterprise performed by a collective agent, namely the intelligence agency. Then, intelligence strives for the truth although this endeavor is a very difficult achievement indeed, so much so that intelligence is grounded on performing an entire intelligence cycle completed by an entire institution. Social epistemology is a new branch of analytic philosophy and it inquires the nature of social knowledge and collective agents. This paper considers the role of social knowledge inside intelligence as an institution of the state and it tries to address some fundamental questions related to the social epistemological nature of intelligence.

4 Giudizi sintetici e giudizi analitici – Teoria del giudizio

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Il lettore non si spaventi dal passaggio un po’ tecnico che Kant propone nella sua chiarificazione fondamentale tra tipi di giudizio. Se risulterà troppo complesso non ci sia niente di male nel saltarlo, sebbene esso sia uno dei risultati più importanti della critica nella sua dimensione di chiarificazione della nozione stessa di giudizio: